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Topic Snapshot: Federal Legislation/Policies
AT Act Legislation
- Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) (No Child Left Behind Act of 2001) (2001) -- Available formats: external
This law prepares teachers to use educational and assistive technology. ESEA was originally authorized in 1965 for five years and had been reauthorized every five years since. Called the "No Child Left Behind" Act of 2001, the enactment of this legislation is accompanied by the largest dollar increase ever in federal education aid.
- Section 508 Standards Final Regulations (June 21, 2001) (2001) -- Available formats: external
Under these standards, published by the U.S. Access Board, the federal government must ensure that electronic and information technologies (E&IT) is accessible when it develops, procures, maintains, or uses such technology. The standards were first published on December 21, 2000 and went into effect on June 21, 2001.
- Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act of 1999 (TWWIIA) - Final Regulations (2001) -- Available formats: txt
On December 28, 2001, the Social Security Administration (SSA) published final regulations implementing the "Ticket to Work and Self-Sufficiency Program" (the Ticket to Work program) authorized by the Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act of 1999. The Ticket to Work program provides Social Security disability beneficiaries and Supplemental Security Income beneficiaries with disabilities with expanded access to employment services, vocational rehabilitation services, or other support services.
- Olmstead v. L. C. (1999) - Supreme Court Ruling (1999) -- Available formats: external
Issued in July 1999, this decision clearly challenges federal, state, and local governments to develop more opportunities for individuals with disabilities through more accessible systems of cost-effective community-based services. The Olmstead decision interpreted Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and its implementing regulation, requiring States to administer their services, programs, and activities "in the most integrated setting appropriate to the needs of qualified individuals with disabilities."
- Ticket to Work and Work Incentives Improvement Act of 1999 (TWWIIA) (1999) -- Available formats: txt pdf
The provisions of this law (P.L. 106-170) are to increase beneficiary choice in obtaining rehabilitation and vocational services, remove barriers that require people with disabilities to choose between health care coverage and work, and assure that more Americans with disabilities have the opportunity to participate in the workforce and lessen their dependence on public benefits.
- Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards (UFAS) (unknown) -- Available formats: external
This U.S. Access Board document presents uniform standards for the design, construction and alteration of buildings so that persons with disabilities will have ready access to and use of them in accordance with the Architectural Barriers Act, 42 U.S.C. 4151-4157. The document embodies an agreement to minimize the differences between the standards previously used by four agencies (the General Services Administration, the departments of Housing and Urban Development and Defense, and the United States Postal Service) that are authorized to issue standards under the Architectural Barriers Act, and between those standards and the access standards recommended for facilities that are not federally funded or constructed.
- Workforce Investment Act (WIA) of 1998 - PDF (1998) -- Available formats: pdf txt
The purpose of WIA is to create a national workforce preparation and employment system that meets the needs of job seekers and those seeking to advance their careers, as well as the employment needs of the nation's employers. The goal is to create an integrated workforce investment system that improves the quality of the U.S. workforce, sustains economic growth and productivity, and reduces dependency on welfare.
Last Updated April 2011